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Projects 6 : Temple Project

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Temple Project


Goverdhan is a holy city'for Hinduism, the world's third largest religion. Govardhan is located at27.5"N 77.47"E It has an average elevation of 179 metres, (587 feet). Goverdhan has been made Tahseel in Mathura District by the Uttar Pradesh govemment.

As of 201I India census, Govardhan had a population of 22,576. Males constitute 55o/o of the population and females 45%. Govardhan has an average literacy rate of 62o/a, higher than the national average of 59.5Yo: male literacy is 70o/o, and female literacy is 52%.In Govardhan ,lT{oof the population is under 6 years of age.

Each year Hindus and other people make a pilgrimage to Govardhan, and its sacred Govardhan Hill, from other places in India and other places in the world to offer their obeisance to Krishna and Radha, key figures in Indian epics. One of these, celebrated at the Govardhan Puja, is of the lifting of Govardhan Hill (Giriraj Parvat) to protect the villagers from the flood caused by the Lord of thunder and rain, Indra. One of the most important day in Goverdhan is Guru Poornima (also called "Mudia Poono"). Following the festival of lights, or Diwali, the previous day, devotees come to Govardhan for parikrama.

Sites on the hill include Kusum Sarovar, Haridev Temple, and other temples like Daan-Ghati Temple and Mukharbind Temple. The town is also famous for its 2l kilometers long Parikrama of the famous Govardhan Hill.

The town also houses Mansi Ganga, a close-ended lake. On the banks of this lake, there are quite a few temples, prominent among them the Mukharbind temple.

Govardhan is located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Delhi, where the airport is located. A railway station is located at Mathura, where taxis can be hired to reach the town, which is about 23 kilometres (14 mi) away. There are also tourist buses and a single line electric train for the jounrey from Mathwa. Govardhan hill which has great religious significance in view of its association with Lord Krishna, presently at its highest point is just 25-metre (82 ft) high and is wide hill near Mathura Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is a nilrow sandstone hilt known as Ginaj which is about 8 kilometres (5 mi) in length. After Krishna protected the inhabitants of Vraj Vrindavan from the wrath of Indra, he counseled them to worship Goverdhan hill and they did by way of a Puja (worship) and a Parikrama (circumambulation) around the hill. Thus, a festival in commemoration of the lifting of Mount Goverdhan, near Mathura, by Krishna came into vogue as 'Goverdhan Puja'when Mount Goverdhan is worshipped, the day after Deepawali (festival of lights) is celebrated. Pious people keep awake the whole night and cook 56 (or 108) different types of food for the bhog (the offering of food to God) to Krishna. This ceremony is called'ankut'or'annakuta'which means a mountain of food. Various types of food - cereals, pulses, fruit, vegetables, chutneys, pickes, and salads - are offered to the Diety and then distributed as 'prasada' to devotees. Thousands of devotees b.ittg offerings for Ginaj. Followed by this pooja, the devotees perform, the Goverdhan Parikrama.